Study Guide Exam 3 Fall 2013

MCOM101 Study Guide Exam #3 Fall 2013

  1. What is the job of the journalist?
  2. What qualities are used to determine “What is news?”
  3. What organization established the code of ethics for journalists?
  4. What methods help journalists to present unbiased news?
  5. What are three primary ethical issues journalists may face?
  6. Who is Nellie Bly?
  7. Who is Richard Jewell?
  8. Discuss the telegraph and how reporters focus on the present.
  9. Discuss Janet Cooke and the Pulitzer Prize.
  10. Discuss Jayson Blair.
  11. Discuss the use of experts in reporting.
  12. Discuss the use of balance in newswriting.
  13. Discuss the concept of the reporter as a watchdog.
  14. Discuss the three American models of journalism.
  15. What is a free press?
  16. What is free speech?
  17. What is censorship?
  18. What guarantees free press and free speech?
  19. What are the five types of speech that are not protected by the Constitution?
  20. What is the biggest legal concern of newspapers?
  21. What is the best defense against libel?
  22. Define libel.
  23. What is defamation of character in a broadcast considered to be libel?
  24. What is slander?
  25. Discuss New York Times v. Sullivan.
  26. What is actual malice?
  27. Who has to prove actual malice to win a libel case?
  28. What do both public and private figures have to prove to win a libel case?
  29. Why is it easier for private individuals to win a libel case?
  30. Discuss whether or not businesses can sue for libel.  Provide details.
  31. Discuss trade libel.
  32. In addition to provable truth, what are two defenses against libel?  Discuss each.
  33. Discuss privacy.  Is it primarily an ethical or legal issue?
  34. Discuss invasion of privacy lawsuits.  When are such cases typically successful?
  35. Discuss obscenity.
  36. Discuss the 1973 Miller v. California case.
  37. Discuss the freedom to publish pornography.
  38. Discuss shield laws.
  39. Discuss the Freedom of Information Act.
  40. Discuss Open meetings laws.
  41. Discuss the journalist’s principle “The People’s Right to Know.”
  42. Does visual media have the same First Amendment rights as print media?  Discuss.
  43. Memorize the First Amendment.
  44. Recite the First Amendment to the professor with no omissions, errors or mispronunciations.
  45. Write the First Amendment with no omissions, errors or mispronunciations.
  46. What are the four historical periods of American newspapers?
  47. What are the primary characteristics of each period?
  48. Discuss the earliest Colonial papers.
  49. Discuss the New York Weekly Journal and John Peter Zenger.
  50. What were the two types of Colonial newspapers?
  51. Describe each type of Colonial newspaper.
  52. How much did a Colonial newspaper cost?
  53. What production changes led to the Penny Press era?
  54. Discuss Benjamin Day and his New York Sun.
  55. Discuss James Gordon Bennett and his New York Morning Herald.
  56. When did political parties no longer financially support newspapers? How did newspapers support themselves?
  57. Which period was a time of tremendous growth for newspapers?
  58. What were the reasons for this tremendous growth?
  59. In which period did newspapers become a mass medium?
  60. Discuss the birth of the wire services during the Penny Press era.
  61. What historical period was an extremely profitable time for newspapers?
  62. Discuss the contraditctions of the the age of Yellow Journalism.
  63. In what era did the press become a watchdog?
  64. When did investigative journalism begin?
  65. Who were two famous publishers of the period of Yellow Journalism?
  66. Why was the period called Yellow Journalism?
  67. Discuss the beginnings of Modern Journalism.
  68. What publisher and newspaper led this period?
  69. How did modern journalism differ from yellow journalism and the penny press?
  70. How does online journalism differ from print?
  71. What are some of the types of newspapers today?
  72. What are some types of alternative newspapers?
  73. How much of a newspaper is typically filled with ads?
  74. What is the newshole?
  75. What are some of the roles of a newspaper in our culture?
  76. What problems are newspapers having today?
  77. What are the five general periods of magazines?
  78. Describe the early European magazines.
  79. Describe the Colonial magazines.
  80. Who read the early magazines?
  81. What were some of the topics of Colonial magazines?
  82. Who were some of the writers in early magazaines?
  83. Why did Colonial magazines have struggle financially?
  84. Most early magazines were general interest but a few were specialized.  Describe these early specialized magazines.
  85. When did national magazines start? Describe them?
  86. Why did they start?
  87. Discuss the topics in these general interest publications.
  88. Discuss the Saturday Evening Post.
  89. Discuss early women’s magazines.
  90. Discuss the beginnings of visuals in magazines in mid-1850s.
  91. Discuss the reasons for huge growth in magazines from 1825-1905.
  92. When did circulation really take off for national magazines?
  93. What happened in terms of advertising?  Why?
  94. Discuss significance of Ladies Home Journal.
  95. Discuss magazines’ role in investigative journalism.
  96. Discuss muckraking.
  97. Discuss photojournalism.
  98. Discuss Norman Rockwell.
  99. Discuss Reader’s Digest.
  100. Discuss Time.
  101. Discuss Life and Look.
  102. Why did general interest magazines fail in the 50’s and 60’s?
  103. Discuss modern specialized magazines.
  104. Which magazine started the trend?
  105. Why did women’s magazines survive as general interest publications?
  106. What new magazine started in 1974?
  107. What are specialized magazines?
  108. Discuss supermarket tabloids.
  109. What are zines?
  110. Discuss magazine operations.
  111. Discuss the sources of a magazine’s revenue.
  112. What is the oldest mass medium?
  113. Describe early examples of books.
  114. What early materials were used to make books?
  115. Discuss manuscripts of the Middle Ages.
  116. Discuss illuminated manuscripts.
  117. Discuss the contributions of the Chinese to early printing.
  118. What two things were invented in 1450.
  119. Describe the first modern books.
  120. How did books change society?
  121. Discuss early printing in America.
  122. Why did books become more affordable in the 1830s?
  123. How did publishing houses get started?
  124. What periods of time led to a decline in book industry?
  125. What is the nature of book publishing industry today?
  126. Name the top trade book publishers.
  127. What’s happening with book sales today?
  128. What are some jobs in the book publishing business?
  129. What types of books are available today?
  130. Describe these types of books.
  131. Describe instant books.

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